Table 1.

Patients description.

Clinical parameterHealthy controls, n = 27UC, n = 16CD, n = 24
Male/female, n14/139/712/12
Age at enrolment, mean ± SD, yr69.5 (±12.31)40.75 (±13.3)39.61 (±7.37)
Disease duration, mean ± SD, yr8.8 (±4.8)10.5 (±6.21)
Smoking status, yes/no/ex2/13/13/19/2
CD, n
 L1 ileal10
 L2 colonic3
 L3 ileocolonic11
 L4 upper0
 B1 (not strict/not penetrating)6
 B2 (stricturing)13
 B3 (penetrating)5
UC, n
 E1 proctitis1
 E2 left-sided11
 E3 pancolitis4
Concomitant therapy at enrolment
 No therapy715
 Antibiotics, n01
 Mesalamine, n63
 Thiopurines, n5
 Corticosteroids, n32
 Anti-TNF2